An International University founded by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore
where the cultures of the East & the West could meet and mingle. Named
Vishva-Bharati, the University represents Indian traditions while incorporating
the best of other cultures. Shantiniketan, the abode of peace, was initially
an Ashram or hermitage founded in 1863 by Maharishi Devendranath Tagore.
In 1901 his son, Rabindranath converted it into an experimental open-air
school with just five students. It proved a success. He widened the
scope of studies which gradually formed the nucleus of a University.
Another interesting feature about Santiniketan is that splendid sculptures,
frescoes, murals and paintings of Rabindranath, Nandlal Bose, Ramkinkar,
Bindobehari Mukhopadhyaya and others adorn the campus.
Shantiniketan is a University town and a centre of learning. The Uttarayan
complex where the poet lived consists of several buildings such as Udayana.
Konark, Shyamali, Punascha and Udichi which reflect the architectural
genius of the poet's illustrious son the late Rathindranath Tagore.
In addition there are Kala Bhavan (College of Fine Arts and Crafts).
Sangit Bhavan (College of Music and Dance), Vidya Bhavan (College of
Humanities), Siksha-Bhavan (College of Science) and Vinaya Bhavan (Teacher's
Training College), Cheena Bhavan and Hindi Bhavan. The Shantiniketan
campus of Viswa Bharati has grown up to be a centre for learning with
a bias towards art, music and humanities. At Shriniketan, mainly a Centre
for Rural Service and Studies (Palli Samgathan Bibhaga), there is a
college of Agriculture (Palli Siksha Sadan) as well.
The places of interest are mainly on the campus and have a distinctive
feature of some of the best in Indian art and culture.
China Bhavan :
The Chinese Faculty.
Here Maharshi Devendranath, the father
of Rabindranath Tagore, used to meditate. Prayers are held usually at
Convocation time. Successful graduates of the Vishwa Bharati University
are presented a branch of five leaves each from the Saptaparni trees
which abound in the area.
Kala Bhavan :
The College of Fine Arts & Crafts has
an museum exhibiting sculptures, frescoes & murals and a library of
Patha Bhavan :
Now a secondary school, it is of particular
interest as an example of the traditional 'Brahmacharya Ashram'.
Prayer Hall :
Founded by the poet's father in 1863,
the hall is made of glass. Prayers are held on Wednesday.
Also called Rabindra Bhavan, a Research
Centre and Museum where the poet's personal belongings, paintings &
various editions of his works are exhibited. Sangeet Bhavan : College
of Dance and Music. The University is replete with works on Art, Music
and the Humanities.
Uttarayan Complex :
The poet lived and worked in the
Northern Complex consisting of several buildings as : Udayana, Konarka,
Shyamali, Punascha and Udichi. The Bichitra ( or, Rabindra Bhavan )
designed by the poet's son Rathindranath Tagore.
Deer Park :
Near Sriniketan, 3 kms from Shantiniketan.
Originally, the area was a fast eroding 'Khowai'. It is now a large
wooded area with herds of deer and makes a natural bird sanctuary.
Uttarayan Gardens :
Shayor Bithi Recreational Park
A place of senic beauty, surrounded by Sonajhuri
trees, the red soil, the cannel and the land slides makes this place
a beautiful piece of landscape. Every Saturday the local craftsmen gather
there to reveal there works to the public. This ia called the “Khowai
Fullora (40 kms), Nalhati (104 kms), Kankalitala (7 kms), Bakreshwar
Nearest railway station Dubrajpur 12 kms. WBTDC Tourist
Lodges & PWD Inspection Bungalows available. Massanjore (78 kms): Mayurakshi
Bhavan, Youth Hostel available to stay there.
Kendubilwa (42 kms):
Buses ply from Bolpur railway
station. Buses also ply or Kenduli from Calcutta for tourists.
Nanoor (23 kms) :
Birthplace of the Vaisnava poet,Chandidas
(14th century). Buses ply from Bolpur railway station. Travet Sng time:
Tarapith (80 kms) :
One can reach Tarapith firstly
from Bolpur to Rampurhat by train or bus and then 5 kms by bus or cycle
rickshaw. Ramkanai Dharamshala a number of hotels are there.
Nalhati (104 kms)
Kankalitala (7 kms)
Bakreshwar (58 kms)
Grameen (Bolpur), Sarvodaya Ashram (Bolpur), (Handicrafts & handlooms)
Vishwa Bharati Shilpa Sadan, Amar Kutir, Local Shops, & local salesmens.